The project aims to find industrially viable graphite intercalation techniques with lower environmental impact relative to what the market currently offers while producing comparable or better-performing material.
With this general aim in mind, the key points in the project will be:
• Identify, research, and compare new techniques and substances for graphite initial oxidation.
• Identify, research, and compare new substances for intercalation. As initial candidates, carboxylic acids will be investigated.
• Identify, research, and compare new, non-exclusively chemical processes for intercalation. As initial candidates, supercritical intercalation and electrochemical intercalation will be investigated.
In the first phase of the project, the outlined techniques will be tested on natural graphite, to have an established point of reference in the commercially available intercalated graphite products.
Once a complete process from raw graphite to intercalated graphite has been identified, where it is possible to obtain an equal or better output with reduced environmental impact, the focus will shift to the raw material.
In the second phase of the project, the effect of the mineralogic properties of natural graphite on the process and on the final product will be investigated. Moreover, non-traditional materials with potential economic and environmental benefits will be investigated. An initial candidate for this activity is scrap graphite from the electrode making industry.
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